همکاری با انجمن علمی گیاهان دارویی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، گروه علوم زراعی و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدگان ابوریحان، دانشگاه تهران، پاکدشت، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم زراعی و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدگان ابوریحان، دانشگاه تهران، پاکدشت، ایران

3 استاد، گروه علوم زراعی و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکدگان ابوریحان، دانشگاه تهران، پاکدشت، ایران

10.22092/ijmapr.2023.359241.3201

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی سازگاری گیاه و اثرات دور آبیاری و عناصر پرمصرف NPK روی شاخص‌های رشد و عملکرد گیاه زنجبیل (Zingiber officinale R.)، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی به‌صورت اسپلیت پلات با 9 تیمار و 3 تکرار در دو منطقه پاکدشت (استان تهران) و لاهیجان (استان گیلان) در سال 1400 اجرا شد. عوامل آزمایشی شامل دور آبیاری در سه سطح (4 (V1)، 6 (V2) و 8 (V3) روز) به‌عنوان عامل اصلی و عناصر پرمصرف NPK در سه سطح (N300P100K200 (F1)، N350P150K250 (F2) و N250P50K150 (F3) (کیلوگرم در هکتار)) به‌عنوان عامل فرعی بودند. نتایج نشان داد که اثر آبیاری×NPK در منطقه پاکدشت روی صفات ارتفاع بوته، تعداد برگ در بوته، سطح برگ، تعداد شاخه در بوته، شاخص سطح برگ، وزن تر و خشک ریزوم و عملکرد ریزوم در سطح 1% و قطر ساقه در سطح 5% معنی‌دار شد. بهترین تیمار در این منطقه، V1F2 بود. اثر آبیاری×NPK در منطقه لاهیجان روی صفات تعداد برگ در بوته و عملکرد ریزوم در سطح 1% و ارتفاع بوته و قطر ساقه در سطح 5% معنی‌دار شد. بهترین نتیجه در لاهیجان در تیمار V1F2 بدست آمد. همچنین از نظر صفات سطح برگ، تعداد شاخه در بوته و شاخص سطح برگ، V1 و F2 بهترین تیمارها در لاهیجان بودند. وزن تر و خشک ریزوم در تیمارهای V2 و F2 بهترین نتایج را داشتند. در مجموع، صفات مورد بررسی در اقلیم لاهیجان بر اقلیم پاکدشت برتری داشت و دور آبیاری هر 4 روز برای پاکدشت و هر 6 روز برای لاهیجان بهترین نتایج را داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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