اثر تغذیه برگ حنا (Lawsonia inermis L.) بر عملکرد رشد، برخی فراسنجه‌های خونی و آنزیم‌های کبدی بره‌های نژاد کرمانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه جیرفت، کرمان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه جیرفت، کرمان، ایران

10.22092/ijmapr.2022.358526.3163

چکیده

برگ حنا (Lawsonia inermis L.) به‌واسطه داشتن مقادیر زیادی از ترکیب‌های فنولیک ازجمله تانن‌ها از خواص دارویی منحصر به‌فردی همچون خواص آنتی‌بیوتیکی برخوردار می‌باشد. این پژوهش به‌منظور بررسی اثر تغذیه با برگ حنا بر عملکرد رشد، برخی فراسنجه‌های خونی و آنزیم‌های کبدی 20 رأس بره نر نژاد کرمانی، آزمایشی در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی در 5 تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل (T1) جیره پایه (شاهد)، (T2) جیره پایه+30 گرم برگ حنا، (T3) جیره پایه+60 گرم برگ حنا و (T4) جیره پایه+90 گرم برگ حنا بودند. نتایج نشان داد که اگرچه تیمارها روی عملکرد تأثیر معنی‌دار نداشتند، ولی بیشترین و کمترین میزان مصرف خوراک و ضریب تبدیل غذایی به‌ترتیب مربوط به تیمارهای شاهد و 4 و همچنین بیشترین و کمترین مقدار افزایش وزن روزانه به‌ترتیب مربوط به تیمارهای 4 و شاهد بود. غلظت‌های گلوکز و نیتروژن اوره‌ای خون تحت تأثیر تیمارهای آزمایشی قرار نگرفتند (0.05≥P). با افزایش میزان برگ حنا در جیره، غلظت‌های کلسترول، تری‌گلیسرید و پروتئین تام به‌طور معنی‌داری افزایش یافتند (0.05≥P). کمترین غلظت آنزیم‌های کبدی آسپارتات آمینوترانسفراز (AST) و آلانین آمینوترانسفراز (ALT) در تیمار 3 بدست آمد (0.05≥P). به‌طور کلی مشخص شد که استفاده از سطوح مختلف گیاه حنا در جیره غذایی بره‌های کرمانی، عملکرد رشد و گلوکز آنها را تحت تأثیر قرار نداد، ولی به‌طور معنی‌داری سبب افزایش کلسترول، تری‌گلیسرید و پروتئین تام و کاهش AST و ALT گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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