اثر مصرف روی، بُر و گوگرد بر خصوصیات کمّی و کیفی گیاه سیر (Allium sativum L.)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مهندسی تولید و ژنتیک گیاهی، گرایش اگروتکنولوژی، اکولوژی گیاهان زراعی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده علوم کشاورزی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور مطالعه تأثیر عناصر روی، بُر و گوگرد بر خصوصیات کمّی و میزان جذب عناصر و آلیسین گیاه سیر (Allium sativum L.) محلی ضیابر، آزمایشی در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با هشت تیمار و سه تکرار در سال زراعی 99-1398 اجرا شد. تیمارها شامل 1- شاهد (بدون مصرف کود)، 2- روی، 3- بُر، 4- گوگرد، 5- روی + گوگرد، 6- روی + بُر، 7- بُر + گوگرد و 8- گوگرد + بُر + روی بودند. کودهای گوگرد، روی و بُر به‌ترتیب به‌صورت گُل گوگرد (100 کیلوگرم در هکتار)، سولفات روی (20 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و اسید بوریک (5 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در دو مرحله رویشی و پر شدن سوخ به خاک اضافه شدند. نتایج نشان داد که تیمار گوگرد + روی + بُر نسبت به سایر تیمارها در همه صفات مورد مطالعه برتری معنی‌دار داشت. بین تیمارهای کودی تکی، با کاربرد بُر بیشترین عملکرد اقتصادی و میزان جذب بُر مشاهده شد. جذب گوگرد با کاربرد گوگرد بیشترین مقدار را نشان داد. جذب روی و مقدار آلیسین هم در تیمار کاربرد روی بیشترین مقدار شد. بین تیمارهای دوگانه، در تیمار گوگرد + بُر بیشترین عملکرد اقتصادی و میزان جذب گوگرد و بُر مشاهده شد. تیمار روی + بُر بیشترین جذب روی را نشان داد. بیشترین مقدار آلیسین (29%) در تیمار گوگرد + روی + بُر مشاهده شد. بیشترین عملکرد اقتصادی سیر (3000 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و بهترین کیفیت از نظر مقدار آلیسین (29%)، جذب گوگرد (0.73 کیلوگرم در هکتار)، جذب روی (39.6 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و جذب بر (12.96 کیلوگرم در هکتار) از ترکیب کودی گوگرد + روی + بُر حاصل شد. با توجه به نتایج این آزمایش مصرف کودهای روی، بُر و گوگرد همراه با کودهای پایه برای افزایش عملکرد کمّی و کیفی گیاه سیر پیشنهاد می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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