تأثیر نانوکود روی و اسید سالیسیلیک بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) در شرایط تنش خشکی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای زراعت، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد ایلام، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایلام، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد ایلام، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ایلام، ایران

چکیده

شناسه دیجیتال (DOR):
98.1000/1735-0905.1400.37.145.105.1.1578.1610
به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر سطوح مختلف تنش خشکی، محلول‌پاشی نانوکود روی و اسید سالیسیلیک بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) آزمایشی در دو سال 1397 و 1398 در استان همدان، شهرستان رزن، روستای سلطان‌آباد به‌صورت اسپلیت- فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار اجرا شد. عامل اصلی شامل رژیم‌های آبیاری در سه سطح بدون تنش، تنش متوسط و تنش شدید کم‌آبی بود که به‌ترتیب در سطوح مذکور آبیاری پس از 50، 75 و 100 میلی‌متر تبخیر از تشتک تبخیر کلاس A انجام شد. عامل فرعی شامل نانوکود در دو سطح (بدون کود و محلول‌پاشی نانوکود روی) با محلول‌پاشی اسید سالیسیلیک در چهار سطح (صفر، دو، چهار و شش میلی‌مولار) بود که به‌صورت فاکتوریل در کرت‌های فرعی قرار گرفت. تنش خشکی سبب کاهش تعداد چتر در بوته، تعداد چترک در چتر، تعداد دانه در چترک، وزن هزاردانه و عملکرد دانه و افزایش درصد اسانس شد. بیشترین تعداد چترک در چتر از تیمار تنش خشکی 100 میلی‌متر، همراه با کاربرد نانوکود روی و اسیدسالیسیلیک با غلظت چهار میلی‌مولار بدست آمد. کاربرد نانوکود روی در سطوح آبیاری 50، 75 و 100 میلی‌متری به‌ترتیب سبب افزایش 14، 3.5 و 4.5 درصد عملکرد دانه شد. غلظت‌ شش میلی‌مولار اسید سالیسیلیک بیشترین درصد اسانس (2.8%) را داشت. کاربرد نانوکود روی در سطوح آبیاری 50، 75 و 100 میلی‌متری به‌ترتیب سبب افزایش 6، 2.9 و 9.9 درصدی میزان اسانس شد.

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