تأثیر کاربرد کودهای آلی بر خصوصیات مورفوفیزیولوژیکی گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار (Calendula officinalis L.)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گرایش گیاهان دارویی، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، با هدف بررسی تأثیر کاربرد کودهای آلی بر عملکرد گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار (Calendula officinalis L.)، در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با 10 تیمار و 3 تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه زنجان مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. تیمارها شامل کود گاوی، کود مرغی و ورمی‌کمپوست، هر یک در 3 سطح (5، 10 و 15 تن در هکتار) و تیمار شاهد (عدم کوددهی) بود. صفات اندازه‌گیری شده شامل وزن هزاردانه، تعداد طبق در بوته، سطح برگ، ارتفاع گیاه، وزن خشک گلبرگ‌ها، قطر طبق، شاخص محتوای کلروفیل برگ، فلاونوئید، کاروتنوئید و درصد وزنی اسانس بود. نتایج بدست آمده معنی‌دار بودن تأثیر نوع کود بر صفات وزن هزاردانه، تعداد طبق در بوته، سطح برگ، کاروتنوئید و درصد وزنی اسانس (01/0≥p) و ارتفاع گیاه، وزن خشک گلبرگ‌ها و فلاونوئید (05/0≥p) را نشان داد. در حالی‌که نوع کود بر قطر طبق و شاخص محتوای کلروفیل برگ‌ها تأثیر معنی‌داری نداشت. به‌طور کلی می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که کودهای آلی مورد استفاده، تأثیر مطلوبی بر عملکرد گیاه، صفات رشدی و کمّیت مواد مؤثره موجود در همیشه‌بهار داشته است.

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