تأثیر کودهای زیستی، عناصر ریزمغذی و کودهای شیمیایی بر عملکرد و عناصر موجود در گیاه نعناع فلفلی (Mentha piperita L.) در شرایط تنش خشکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی فیزیولوژی گیاهان زراعی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

شناسه دیجیتال (DOR):
98.1000/1735-0905.1398.35.860.97.5.1578.1610

به‌منظور بررسی اثر رژیم‌های مختلف آبیاری و ترکیب‌های مختلف کودی بر شاخص‌های عملکرد و عناصر موجود در گیاه نعناع فلفلی (Mentha piperita L.)، یک آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی در 3 تکرار در سال زراعی 97-96، در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد اجرا گردید. فاکتورهای مورد آزمایش شامل سطوح مختلف رژیم‌های آبیاری در سه سطح 100% ظرفیت زراعی (FC)، 75% ظرفیت زراعی (FC) و 50% ظرفیت زراعی (FC) و 6 نوع کودهای مختلف زیستی و شیمیایی شامل: 1- کود زیستی باکتریایی NPK+NPP، 2- کود زیستی باکتریایی NPP، 3- NPK، 4- کود ریزمغذی (MIC) و 5- MIC + کود آمینه اسید (AP) بود. در این آزمایش صفات وزن خشک، ارتفاع بوته، نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم، سدیم، پروتئین، اسپد، درصد اسانس و عملکرد اسانس اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان داد اثرهای اصلی رژیم‌های آبیاری و انواع مختلف کودی بر روی شاخص‌های وزن خشک، نیتروژن، فسفر، پروتئین و درصد اسانس در سطح 1% و شاخص اسپد در سطح 5% معنی‌دار بود. بیشترین میزان وزن خشک (56/14 گرم) و فسفر (43/0%) در تیمار آبیاری 100% ظرفیت زراعی، نیتروژن (2.001%)، پروتئین (12.51%)، عدد اسپد (45.3) و پتاسیم (1.66%) در تیمار کودی ترکیبی NPK+NPP و بیشترین میزان درصد اسانس (64/1%) در تیمار آبیاری 50% FC بود. نتایج این بررسی نشان داد که استفاده از کودهای ترکیبی زیستی باکتریایی و شیمیایی در رژیم آبیاری کامل باعث افزایش شاخص‌های عملکرد و عناصر ماکرو شد.

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