بررسی اثر عصاره هگزانی گیاه دارویی درمنه کوهی (.Artemisia aucheri Boiss) بر ویژگی‌های تخمیری، فراسنجه‌های تولید گاز و تجزیه‌پذیری در شرایط آزمایشگاهی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، گروه علوم دامی، مجتمع آموزش عالی تربت‌جام، تربت‌جام، ایران

چکیده

شناسه دیجیتال (DOR):
98.1000/1735-0905.1398.35.902.98.6.1576.1610
درمنه کوهی (.Artemisia aucheri Boiss) گیاهی دارویی متعلق به خانواده Asteraceae بوده که اثرهای ضد میکروبی آن به فراوانی بررسی شده است. اطلاعات محدودی در مورد اثر عصاره هگزانی این گیاه بر شرایط تخمیر ایجاد شده توسط میکروارگانیسم‌های شکمبه‌ای (باکتری‌ها، قارچ‌ها و پروتوزوآ) وجود دارد. ازاین‌رو، این پژوهش با هدف بررسی عصاره هگزانی استخراج شده از درمنه کوهی با سوکسله (در چهار سطح صفر (شاهد)، 150، 300 و 450 میلی‌گرم/لیتر) بر ویژگی‌های تخمیری، فراسنجه‌های تولید گاز و قابلیت هضم آزمایشگاهی یک جیره تهیه شده برای بره‌های پرواری در شرایط آزمایشگاهی انجام شد. با افزایش سطح عصاره به محیط کشت، pH و اسیدهای چرب فرّار کل (TVFA) نسبت به تیمار شاهد (به‌صورت خطی) به‌ترتیب کاهش و افزایش یافتند. بیشترین مقدار فراسنجه‌های تولید گاز (قابلیت تولید گاز، تولید تجمعی گاز در زمان‌های 48 و 72 ساعت) و کمترین مقدار ثابت میزان تولید گاز (cgas)، ضریب تفکیک‌پذیری و بازده سنتز توده‌ میکروبی نیز در سطح 450 میلی‌گرم/لیتر عصاره مشاهده شد. با توجه به نتایج موجود، به‌نظر می‌رسد که عصاره هگزانی درمنه کوهی تا حدودی توانسته است شرایط تخمیر را در محیط کشت به‌ویژه با افزایش TVFA به‌عنوان مهمترین منبع تولید انرژی در نشخوارکنندگان بهبود بخشد.

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