اثر کیتوزان، اسانس زیره (Cuminum cyminum L.) و دارچین (Cinnamomum verum L.) بر برخی صفات انبارمانی و بازدارندگی از رشد قارچ عامل بیماری پوسیدگی خاکستری در گل شاخه بریده رز رقم دلسویتا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه علوم باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

شناسه دیجیتال (DOR):
98.1000/1735-0905.1398.35.291.94.2.1575.1575

رز یکی از مهمترین گل‌های شاخه بریده دنیاست که نگهداری بعد از برداشت آن چالشی مهم محسوب می‌شود. در این تحقیق اثر رقت‌های 200، 400 و 600 قسمت در میلیون کیتوزان و اسانس‌های زیره (Cuminum cyminum L.) و دارچین (Cinnamomum verum L.) بر کیفیت پس از برداشت و مهار قارچ Botrytis cinerea، عامل بیماری پوسیدگی خاکستریگل شاخه بریده رز رقم دلسویتا در شرایط آزمایشگاهی ارزیابی شد. برای این منظور گل‌ها به مدت 1 ساعت در رقت‌های مختلف تیمار و بعد تا پایان عمر گلجایی در آب مقطر قرار گرفتند. صفاتی مانند عمر گلجایی، شاخص ثبات غشاء گلبرگ، محتوای کلروفیل برگ، محتوای آبی برگ، گلبرگ و ساقه و محتوای کربوهیدرات محلول گلبرگ تا 9 روز پس از برداشت و با دوره‌های زمانی 9 روزه، بررسی و ثبت شدند. کاربرد اسانس‌های گیاهی و کیتوزان در زمان‌های مختلف پس از برداشت، منجر به بهبود بیشتر صفات مورد بررسی گردید. اثر اسانس‌های دارچین و زیره و همچنین کیتوزان با رقت 200 قسمت در میلیون، در بهبود بیشتر صفات مربوط به ماندگاری بهتر از سایر غلظت‌ها بود. رقت‌های 400 و 600  قسمت در میلیون کیتوزان، اسانس‌های دارچین و زیره نیز به‌طور کامل مانع از رشد قارچ B. cinerea شد. در نهایت، نتایج این پژوهش بیانگر آن بود که کاربرد کیتوزان و اسانس‌های گیاهیزیره و دارچین منجر به بهبود ویژگی‌های کیفی پس از برداشت و مهار قارچ B. cinerea و در نتیجه افزایش عمر گلجایی گل رز رقم دلسویتا شد. بنابراین، کاربرد این ترکیب‌های زیستی در قالب یک فرمولاسیون پایدار به‌منظور افزایش مدت زمان ماندگاری و ارتقاء سطح کمّی و کیفی گل شاخه بریده رز توصیه می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


- Ahmadi, A., Jabari, F. and Ehsanzadeh, P., 2011. Introduction to Plant Physiology (Vol. 1). University of Tehran Press, 653p.

- Allen, S.E., 1989. Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials. Blachwell Scientific Publication, 368p.

- Asghari Marjanlu, A., Mostofi, Y., Shoaibi, Sh. and Maghoumi, M., 2009. Effect of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) essential oil on gray mold control and postharvest quality of strawberry (cv. Selva). Journal of Medicinal Plants, 4(29): 139-131.

- Ashraf, M.Y., Azmi, A.R., Khan, A.H. and Ala, S.A., 1994. Effect of water on total phenols, peroxidase activity and chlorophyll content in wheat. Acta Phsiologiae Plantarum, 16(3): 185-191.

- Ashurinia, S., 2012. Investigating the effect of cold warehouse and some natural compounds on longevity and qualitative traits of flowering roses of varieties of angelina. Master's degree in Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Unit of Tehran.

- Bautista-Banos, S., Hernandez-Lauzardo, A.N., Velazquez-del Valle, M.G., Hernandez-Lo pez, M., Ait Barka, E., Bosquez-Molina, E. and Wilson, C.L., 2006. Chitosan as a potential natural compound to control pre and postharvest diseases of horticultural commodities. Crop Protection, 25: 108-118.

- Bayat, H., Azizi, M., Shoor, M. and Mardani, H., 2011. Effect of ethanol andessential oils on extending vase life of carnation cut flower (Dianthuscaryophyllus cv. ‘Yello Candy’). Jornal of Biological Sciences, 3(4): 100-104.

- Ben-shalom, N., Ardi, R., Po, R., Aki, C. and Falik, E., 2003. Controlling gray mould caused by Botrytis cinerea in cucumber plants by meas of chitosan. Crop Protection, 22: 285-290.

- Chi, S., Zivanovic, S., Weiss, J. and Draughon, F.A., 2003. Antimicrobial properties of chitosan films enriched with essential oils. Food Microbiology: Control of Food Borne Microorganisms by Antimicrobials IFT Annual Meeting, Chicago,
18-21 July.

- Doorn, W.G.V. and Peirik, R.R.J., 1990. Hydroxyquinoline citrate and low pH prevent vascular blockage in stems of cut rose flowers by reducing the number of bacteria. Journal of American Society for Horticultural Sciences, 115(6): 979-981.

- Ezhilmanthi, K., Singh, V.P., Arora, A. and Sairam, R.K., 2007 Effectof 5-sulfosalicylic acid on antioxidant activity in relation to vaselife of Gladiolus cut flowers. Plant Growth Regulation, 51: 99-108.

- Fazlali-Zadeh, B., 2011. Effect of some herbal essences and silver nanoparticles on the life of potted cut flowers of Alstromeria in Jamaica. Master's degree in horticulture, Tabriz University.

- Fu, J., Fry, J. and Huang, B., 2004. Minimum water requirements of four turfgrasses in the transition zone. Horticultural Science, 39:1740-1744.

- Ghassan, J.K. and Rasha, A.A., 2008. In vitro antifungal activities of various plant crude extracts and fractions against citrus post-harvest disease agent Penicillium digitatum. Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, 1(3): 89-99.

- Ghassemi-Tavallaei, M., Ramin, A. and Amini, F., 2015. Effects of edible chitosan coating on quality and increasing storage life of cucumber cv. "Zomorod". Journal of Crop Production and Processing Isfahan University of Technology, 5(15): 89-98.

- Ghazi Motlagh, S., Jahanbakhsh, Z. and Tehrani Farah, A. and Arouie, H. 2014. Effect of some plant essences on spot germination and colony growth of Pennicilium digitatum in rearing cultivars. Journal of Plant Protection (Agriculture Sciences and Technology), 28(1): 28-35.

- Gill, A.O. and Holly, R.A., 2004. Mechanisms of bactericidal action of Cinnamaldehyde against Listeria monocytogenes and of eugenol against L. monocytogenes and Lactobacillus sakei. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 70(10): 5750-5755.

- Hashemi, M. and Mirdekhan, S.H., 2014. The effect of salicylic acid, methyl-jasmonate and herbal essences on the quality and lifetime of the flower-cut carnation of the Kano cultivar at different temperatures. Journal of Plant Production Research, 21(3): 75-95.

- Hernandez-Munoz, P., Almenar, E., Del Valle, V., Velez, D. and Gavara, R., 2008. Effect of chirosan coating combined with postharvest calcium treatment on strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) quality during refrigeratedstorage. Food Chemistry, 110: 428-435.

- Ho, L.C. and Nichols, R., 1977. Translocation of "%C-sucrose in relation to changes in carbohydrate content in rose corollas cut at different stages of development. Annals of Botany, 41: 227-242.

- Hosseinzadeh, E., 2011. Investigation on Salicylicacid, Calciumchlorideand several plant essential oils on vase life, quality and control of gray mold disease caused by Botrytis cinerea in rose (Rosahibryda) cv. Full House. M.Sc. Thesis, Islamic Azad University Science and Research Branch, Tehran.

- Ikani, N., Kalateh Jari, S., Abdoosi, V., Hasanzadeh, A. and Goseinzadeh, S., 2013. Effect of nanosilver and plant essences on some of postharvest morphological and physiological characteristics of cut Gerbera. Iranian Plant Ecophysiolgy Research, 8(3): 47-57.

- Inouye, S., Tsuruoka, M., Watanabe, M., Takeo, K., Akao, M., Nishiyama, Y. and Yamaguchi, H., 2000. Inhibitory effect of essential oils on apical growth of Aspergillus fumigatus by vapour contant. Mycoses Journal, 43: 17-23.

- Iriti, M. and Faoro, F., 2009. Chitosan as a MAMP, searching for a PRR. Plant Signal Behaviors, 4(1): 66-68.

- Karimi, H., 2013. Antibacterial effects of essential oils and silver nanoparticles on vase life of gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflora L.) cut flowers. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Gilan.

- Karimian Fariman, Z. and Tehranifar, A., 2011. Effect of essential oils, ethanol and methanol to extend the vase-life of carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) flowers. Journal of Biological and Environmental Sciences, 5(14): 91-94.

- Khan, P., Shahrin, S., Taufique, T., Mehraj, H. and Jamal Uddin, A.F.M. 2015. Prolonging vase life of cut rose (Rosa hybrida L. cv. red pearl) through chemical preservatives. Journal of Bioscience and Agriculture Research, 5(1): 10-15.

- Lu, K., Ye, W., Zhou, L., Collins, L.B., Chen, X., Gold, A., Ball, L.M. and Swenberg, J.A., 2010. Structural characterization of formaldehyde-induced cross-links between amino acids and deoxynucleosides and their oligomers. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132(10): 3388-3399.

- Malekpour, F., Ghasemi Pir Blauti, A. and Salimi, A., 2016. Effect of foliar application of chitosan on morphological and physiological characteristics of basil under reduced irrigation. Research on Crops, 17(2): 354-359

- Mirdehghan, S., Zeidabadi, S. and Rousta, H.R., 2013. Interaction of medicinal essential oils with calcium chloride and silver nitrate on quality and vase life of rose cut flowers. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 28(4): 669-683.

- Plotto, A., Roberts, R.G. and Roberts, D.D., 2003. Evaluation of plant essential oils as natural post harvest disease control of tomato (Lycopersicom esculentum). Acta Horticulture, 628: 737-745.

- Pompodakis, N.E. and Joice, D.C., 2003. Abscisic acid analogue effects on the vase life and leaf crisping of cut Baccara roses. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 43: 425-428.

- Prasad, K.N., Yang, B., Dong, X., Jiang, G., Zhang, H., Xie, H. and Jiang, Y., 2009. Flavonoid contents and antioxidant activities from Cinnamomum species. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 10: 627-632.

- Ranjbar, H., Farzaneh, M., Hadian, J., Mirjalili, M.H. and Sharifi, R., 2008. Antifungal effects of several herbal essences on after math of fruit strawberries. Magazine Sculpture and Construction, 81: 54-60.

- Sagdic, O. and Ozcan, M., 2003. Antibacterial activity of Turkish spice hydrosols. Food Control, 14(3): 141-143.

- Samsam Shariat, S., 2007. Extraction, Identificationand Analysis of Active Components of Medical Herbs. Mani Publication, 264p.

- Sancholy, N., Ghaffari, M. and Gharayi, A., 2016. An investigation on the comparative effects of antifungal effects of Shirazi, cumin, and Indian carnation essences on comparison with formalin on aflatoxin mushrooms. Pathobiology Comparison, 3: 1691-1698.

- Sekine, T., Sugano, M., Majid, A. and Fujii, Y., 2007. antifungal effects of volatile compounds from black zira (Bunium persicum) and other spices and herbs. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 33(11): 2123-2132.

- Shanan, N., 2012. Application of essential oils to prolong the vase life of rose (Rosa hybrid L. cv.‘Grand’) cut flowers. Journal of Horticultural Science Ornamental Plants, 4(1): 66-74.

- Singh, A., Kumar, J. and Kumar, P., 2008. Effect of plant growthregulators and sucrose on post harvest physiology, membrane stability and vase life of cut spikes of Gladiolus. Plant GrowthRegulation, 55: 221-229.

- Singh, G., Maurya, S., DeLampasona, M.P. and Catalan, C.A.N., 2007. A comparison of chemical, antioxidant and antimicrobial studies of cinnamon leaf and bark volatile oils, oleoresins and their constituents. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45: 1650-1661.

- Solgi, M., Kafi, M., Taghavi, T.S. and Naderi, R., 2009. Essential oil and silver nanoparticles (SNP) asnovel agent to extend vase-life of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii cv. Dune) flowers. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 53: 155-158.

- Sowbhagya, H.B., Sathyendra Rao, B.V. and Krishnamurthy, N., 2008. Evaluation of size reduction and expansion on yield and quality of cumin (Cuminum cyminum) seed oil. Journal of Food Engineering, 84(4): 595-600.

- Tepe, B., Donmez, E., Unlu, M., Candan, F., Daferera, D.J., Vardar-Unlu, G. and Sokmen, A., 2004. Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Salvia cryptantha and Salvia multicaulis. Food Chemistry, 84(4): 519-525.

- Thippeswamy, N.B. and Naidu, K.A., 2005. Antioxidant potency of cumin varieties-cumin, black cumin and bitter cumin-on antioxidant systems. Eurpean Food Research and Technology, 220(5-6): 472-476.

- Thunberg, R.L., Tran, T.T., Bennett, R.W., Matthews, R.N. and Belay, N., 2002. Microbial evaluation of selected fresh produce obtained at retail markets. Journal of Food Protection, 65(4): 677-682.

- Tzortzakis, G.T., 2009. Impact of cinnamon oil-enrichment on microbial spoilage of fresh produce. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies, 10: 97-102.

- Uthairatanakij, A., Teixeira, J.A. and Obsuwan, K., 2007. Chitosan for improving orchid production and quality. Orchid Science and Biotechnology, 1: 1-5.

- Valero, M. and Frances, E., 2006. Synergistic bactericidal effect of carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde or thymol and refrigeration to inhibit Bacillus cereus in carrot broth. Food Microbiology, 23: 68-73.

- Wang, H.C., Li, L.C., Cai, B., Cai, L.T., Chen, X.J., Yu, Z.H. and Zhang, C.Q., 2018. Metabolic phenotype characterization of Botrytis cinerea, the causal agent of gray mold. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9: 470.

- Yang, F., Hu, J., Li, J., Wu, X. and Qian, Y., 2009. Chitosan enhances leaf membrane stability and antioxidant enzyme activities in apple seedlings under drought stress. Plant Growth Regulation, 58: 131-136.

- Zhang, J., Xu, Y., Yao, F.M., Wang, P.J., Guo, W.J., Li, L. and Yang, L., 2010. Advances in estimation methods of vegetation water content based on optical remote sensing techniques. Sciences China Technological Sciences, 53 (5): 1159-1167.

- Zhili, J., Yong, L., Juanjuan, L., Xu, X., Li, H., Lu, D. and Jingying, W., 2012. Effects of exogenous chitosan on physiological characteristics of potato seedlings under drought stress and rehydration. Potato Research, 55: 293-301.