اثر کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست و نیتروکسین بر عملکرد گل، اجزاء عملکرد و کیفیت اسانس گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار (Calendula officinalis L.)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه زراعت، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه زراعت، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر کاربرد کودهای آلی و زیستی بر عملکرد گل، اجزاء عملکرد و کیفیت اسانس گیاه دارویی همیشه‌بهار (Calendula officinalis L.)، آزمایشی به‌صورت طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با شش تیمار و سه تکرار در سوهانک تهران در سال 1393 انجام شد. تیمارها شامل 6 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار، 12 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار، 18 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار، 6 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار همراه با نیتروکسین، 12 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار همراه با نیتروکسین، 18 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار همراه با نیتروکسین بودند. نتایج نشان داد که تیمارها تأثیر معنی‌داری بر صفات مورد مطالعه، بجز میزان اسانس داشتند، به‌طوری که بیشترین تعداد گل در بوته (6.5)، وزن خشک گل (3.0 گرم بر بوته)، عملکرد خشک گل (180.2 کیلوگرم در هکتار)، عملکرد اسانس (90.33 گرم در هکتار) و درصد آلفا-کادینول در اسانس (24.27%) در تیمار کاربرد 6 تن ورمی‌کمپوست و بیشترین درصد گاما-کادینن (5.40%) و مورولن (2.66%) در اسانس در تیمار مصرف تلفیقی 6 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار و نیتروکسین حاصل گردید. همچنین بیشترین وزن خشک بوته (13.0 گرم بر بوته) و درصد ویریدی فلورن (9.81%) در اسانس در تیمار مصرف 12 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار و بیشترین درصد کادینن (16.06%) در اسانس در تیمار مصرف 18 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار بدست آمد. در مجموع، بیشترین عملکرد گل و اسانس و درصد آلفا-کادینول در اسانس با مصرف 6 تن ورمی‌کمپوست حاصل شد.

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